Dog Diet Basics And What It Should Contain


Just like humans, dogs too need a healthy and balanced dog diet. If you give only your leftover food items to your pet dogs or puppies, you may cause a stunted growth for them. They need a balanced diet full of essential nutrients and for that, there are dog foods available in the market. What humans may consider a balanced diet consisting of all the necessary ingredients for healthy growth, might not be sufficient for your dog. That is because their bodily needs are different from humans.

A dog diet should contain sufficient amounts of proteins, minerals, fiber, vitamins, roughage, water and energy. You might argue that all these components are also present in humans’ balanced diets, but the quantities differ.

Dog Diet Basics And What It Should Contain

Components Of An Ideal Dog Diet

  • Energy – Energy is required in any small task that your dog does in a day. An energy-rich food helps your dog remain active all day long. Even the slightest of tasks such as breathing, walking or sitting requires energy. This is available from healthy carbohydrates.
  • Proteins – These contain essential amino acids which are the building blocks of life. Good proteins are required to maintain the basic structure and functioning of the body cells. They are required by a pregnant dog, a lactating dog, and even a growing dog.
  • Fiber/Roughage – Sufficient amount of fiber is necessary for the body for the easy movement of bowels. One can find fiber only in plant origin foods.
  • Vitamins and Minerals – These regulate the functioning of cells and organs. They are also necessary to maintain metabolism.
  • Water-Water loss is continuous through the skin, urine, and excretion. Ensure that your dog has enough water to stay hydrated.
  • Fats – Fats in the form of lipids keep in the body for use when the body does not get enough food.

The quantity in which your dog requires these essential elements of food depends on factors like his age, sex, level of activity, climatic conditions and reproductive stage. The food requirements of a puppy differ from that of an adult dog.

The Puppy Diet

Puppies require more amino acids and proteins for proper growth and development. If your pet dog is in its growth stage, then ensure that you feed him/her plenty of high-protein foods. You also get dietary protein supplements for pet dogs. Inadequate proteins can lead to stunted growth and infections.

The Adult Dog Diet

If you have an adult pet dog at home, you need to feed it less calorie dense or fatty foods and instead maintain optimum levels of calcium and phosphorous.

Here Is A List Of Food Products To Fulfill Your Dog’s Dietary Requirements

  1. Water: Give clean and pure water.
  2. Protein: The best source of protein is a whole egg which contains around 6 gm of protein.
  3. Fat: Sardines have the best form of omega-3 fatty acids. They are nutrient-rich and low in mercury content.
  4. Vitamins: Give your dog plenty of green leafy vegetables which are rich in vitamins, and carotenoids.
  5. Minerals: Oysters are an excellent source of minerals for your dog as they are rich in manganese, zinc, selenium, copper, iron, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids and more.
  6. Carbohydrates: Butternut squash is rich in vitamins C and A and also has carotenes.
Dog Diet Basics And What It Should Contain

Ensure that you include all the above-mentioned ingredients to make an ideal dog diet.

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