A dog’s nutritional needs differ from that of humans. The basic requirements of a dog’s diet are energy, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins, fiber and roughage and water. You will wonder that humans require the same, but in their case, the quantities differ. If you are confused about your dog’s food and supplements, here is a guide.
Puppies require more amino acids and proteins for proper growth and development. If your pet dog is in its growth stage, then ensure that you feed him/her plenty of high-protein foods. You also get dietary protein supplements for pet dogs. Inadequate proteins can lead to stunted growth and infections.
An adult dog’s diet should contain less fats and less calorie dense foods as compared to that of a puppy. If the calcium and phosphorous levels are disturbed, it can lead to health issues.
Do pet dogs need supplements?
No matter how perfectly you plan your pet’s diet, it is impossible to give the perfect or wholesome food to your pet. This arises the need for dog supplements. These can be incorporated in your pet’s daily diet plan as per the advice of your vet. There is a wide range of supplements available, each having different contents and devised for separate needs. If your vet diagnoses a deficiency in your pet, you can give your dog a supplement accordingly.
Does an itchy, flaky or dry coat of your pet dog have anything to do with nutrition?
If you find your dog’s coat looking without any lustre, dry and flaky, it is possible that he has a deficiency. You will have to get your pet analyzed to diagnose the deficiency and to rule out other possible health conditions. More fatty acids are necessary for a healthy coat. If you feed your dog low quality commercial foods or insufficient foods cooked at home, he might have an unhealthy skin and fur coat. Moreover, dogs which have an unhealthy skin/coat also may develop skin lesions. Such dog require more Omega-6 fatty acids and Omega – 3 fatty acids in proper quantities for healing.
A simple list of food products available easily to fulfil your pet dog’s dietary requirements:
- Water: Filtered tap water, clean and pure.
- Protein : Whole egg: Considered the most bioavailable source of protein (1 large egg provides about 6 grams of protein)
- Fat : Sardines: Low mercury; nutrient-rich; high in the essential omega-3 acids EPA and DHA
- Carbohydrates: Butternut squash: High in vitamins A and C; loaded with antioxidant-rich carotenes; excellent source of many vitamins and minerals, such as vitamins E and B6, magnesium, manganese and potassium.
- Vitamins : Dark leafy greens: Rich in vitamins A, C, E, K and folate; also high in carotenoids and many minerals; shown to protect against cancer
- Minerals: Oysters: Excellent source of copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, selenium, zinc; also rich in vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids.
Ensure that you give your proper dog food and supplements to your pet for good health.