Now that you are a proud animal parent, certain tips can help you take care of your pet animals at home in the best way possible. These are all basic animal care tips that include hygiene, grooming, nutrition, exercise, and such others. Read on further to know how to take optimum care for your adopted animal.
Proper Nutrition And Feeding
If you have just adopted a pet animal, you should keep in mind that they need four meals a day. Those at the age of three to six months need three meals a day and those at the age of six months to one year need two meals in a day. You will be surprised to know that a year-old animal requires only one meal a day. But some larger pets who tend to get big should be given two smaller meals in a day.
While you might be tempted to give scraps and leftovers of your food to your pet, it is always better to give them premium quality dry food. You can also mix it with water. You can give your animal cottage cheese, cooked eggs or fruits, and vegetables, but make sure that you give these items in very small amounts. Our food generally results in vitamin and mineral deficiencies in pets and hence it is advisable to feed them high-quality pet animal food or animal food. Also, for proper hydration, always make fresh water available for your pet. Ensure that you clean his dishes also frequently.
Exercise is equally important for animals to burn their calories and stimulate their minds. While exercises may depend upon the breed, sex, and age of your pet animal, you can consult a vet to know which exercises are suitable for your animal. Play fun games with your animal that require him to dig, retrieve, chew, and chase. These satisfy the pet’s instinctual urges and also helps to keep him healthy.
The fur coat of animals is prone to ticks and flies settling in. You need to keep the fur coat clean and reduce hair shedding with frequent brushing. Always keep a check for fleas and ticks as they might cause skin infections. Use flea combs to remove the ticks and fleas. There are many other methods as well to keep these ticks and fleas at bay. Most animals need to be bathed only a few times in a year. When bathing, ensure that you remove the soap residue well as it will stick to the dirt and reside inside the fur coat.
Holding Your Animal
Never hold an animal by the forelegs, tail, or from the back of its neck. While attempting to lift a pet animal, always place one hand under the chest and the other hand supporting the hind legs and rump. A large animal can be lifted by holding from the underside while supporting his chest with one arm and his rear with another arm.
While inside your house, it is always ideal to get an animal crate for your pet with a clean blanket or pillow placed inside. Clean the bedding often. If you plan to keep your animal outdoors, then ensure that he/she has plenty of shade access in the hot sun and warmth during winter.
It is always better to attach a collar on your animal’s neck with your name, address and contact number so that he/she can be sent back to you in case they wander and get lost.
Medicines And Poisons
Always give your animal medications that have been prescribed by your vet. In case your pet has ingested a poisonous substance, seek medical attention immediately.
Spaying And Neutering
Get your female pet animals spayed and male pet animals neutered within six months of their age. This will prevent them from wandering away in search of finding a potential partner for mating. Spaying and neutering also make them less aggressive, healthy and calm. They are also prevented from various infections. If you do not spay or neuter your animals, you might have to take care of your pregnant animals then and find a home for their babies.
Ask your vet for all the compulsory vaccinations your pet animal should receive and follow them all.
You might need some time to house-train your animal for pooping habits. It is best to train your animal to poop in a particular place when at home and then have it collected in a garbage bag and trashed or flushed down the toile
All these essential and basic tips on animal care will teach you how to take care of your animals in the best way possible.